REASONS FOR INTELLECTUELS ADOPTION OF ANTI-DEMOCRATIC SYSTEMS IN TERMS OF IN POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY; THE CASE OF JEAN-PAUL SARTRE
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Keywords:anti-democratic systems, intellectual, enlightened, Sartre
This study is about the ideology adopted by Jean-Paul Sartre, who is basically an intellectual identity, and the reasons why intellectuals adopt antidemocratic systems. Apart from the concept of existentialism he defined, Sartre was also one of the figures who left his mark on his period with his novels and theatre plays. This study, starting from Sartre's childhood years, his works throughout his life, the philosophy of existentialism he developed, as well as his closeness and interest in Marxism, have been prepared by making use of the philosopher's own works and different sources. In addition to his novels with philosophical content, Sartre, who is also known for his existentialist philosophy, has been one of the thinkers who left his mark on the 20th century with his shaping of existentialist Marxism and his activities in politics. As a narrator, essayist, novelist, philosopher and activist, Sartre was not only the representative of French intellectuals, but also the representative of a unique intellectual definition. In our study, firstly, a definition of intellectual was made as an introduction to the literature, and after briefly defining anti-democratic systems for the sake of clarity and comprehensibility, it was discussed why intellectuals, who constitute the basis of our subject, adopt anti-democratic systems. Afterwards, Sartre, who is an intellectual identity from a narrower perspective in order to make the subject understandable, is analysed.
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